A review of Listeria monocytogenes from meat and meat products: Epidemiology, virulence factors, antimicrobial resistance and diagnosis

Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

Field Value
Title A review of Listeria monocytogenes from meat and meat products: Epidemiology, virulence factors, antimicrobial resistance and diagnosis
Creator Matle, Itumeleng Mbatha, Khanyisile R. Madoroba, Evelyn
Subject — Listeria monocytogenes; meat and meat products; epidemiology; virulence factors; diagnosis; antimicrobial resistance
Description Listeria monocytogenes is a zoonotic food-borne pathogen that is associated with serious public health and economic implications. In animals, L. monocytogenes can be associated with clinical listeriosis, which is characterised by symptoms such as abortion, encephalitis and septicaemia. In human beings, listeriosis symptoms include encephalitis, septicaemia and meningitis. In addition, listeriosis may cause gastroenteric symptoms in human beings and still births or spontaneous abortions in pregnant women. In the last few years, a number of reported outbreaks and sporadic cases associated with consumption of contaminated meat and meat products with L. monocytogenes have increased in developing countries. A variety of virulence factors play a role in the pathogenicity of L. monocytogenes. This zoonotic pathogen can be diagnosed using both classical microbiological techniques and molecular-based methods. There is limited information about L. monocytogenes recovered from meat and meat products in African countries. This review strives to: (1) provide information on prevalence and control measures of L. monocytogenes along the meat value chain, (2) describe the epidemiology of L. monocytogenes (3) provide an overview of different methods for detection and typing of L. monocytogenes for epidemiological, regulatory and trading purposes and (4) discuss the pathogenicity, virulence traits and antimicrobial resistance profiles of L. monocytogenes.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2020-10-09
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/ojvr.v87i1.1869
Source Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research; Vol 87, No 1 (2020); 20 pages 2219-0635 0030-2465
Language eng
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https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1869/2131 https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1869/2130 https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1869/2132 https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1869/2129
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Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Itumeleng Matle, Khanyisile R. Mbatha, Evelyn Madoroba https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0