Paediatric antiretroviral overdose: A case report from a resource-poor area

Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine

Field Value
Title Paediatric antiretroviral overdose: A case report from a resource-poor area
Creator Ogoti, Bryan A. Otedo, Angela A. Chokwe, Thomas M.
Subject Medicine; Paediatrics; Toxicology antiretroviral; abacavir; lamivudine; poisoning; overdose; paediatrics; resource-poor
Description Introduction: Toxic side effects from antiretroviral overdose in children have not been widely reported. Antiretroviral drugs are widely used as oral medications throughout sub-Saharan Africa.Patient presentation: We describe the clinical presentation and management of a 3-year-old male in rural Kenya, who accidentally overdosed on abacavir/lamivudine combination pills. The number of pills taken was approximately 250 tablets, that is 15 g of abacavir and 7.5 g of lamivudine. He presented 24 hours later to Homabay County Referral Hospital, with unresponsiveness, inability to feed and absence of playfulness. Physical examination revealed a sick-looking, ‘unconscious’ child, responding only to voice, with tachycardia, hypertension and moderate dehydration.Management and outcome: He was managed conservatively with rehydration, namely intravenous 1125 mL of 5% dextrose in 0.9% saline, and the monitoring of his neurologic status, urine output and all vital signs. He regained normal neurological function after 24 hours, and recovered uneventfully, but was lost to follow-up.Conclusion: In an area endemic for HIV and where antiretroviral drug use is commonplace, there is a need for health education to ensure that parents keep drugs out of the reach of children. In the case of a suspected overdose, parents need to be reminded to seek medical attention immediately. Physician awareness of the clinical presentation, management and challenges with an antiretroviral drug overdose is also important.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Homabay County Referral Hospital
Date 2020-07-21
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Case Report
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajhivmed.v21i1.1094
Source Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine; Vol 21, No 1 (2020); 3 pages 2078-6751 1608-9693
Language eng
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Coverage Sub-Saharan Africa Paediatric —
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Bryan A. Ogoti, Angela A. Otedo, Thomas M. Chokwe