A ‘look’ into conjunctivitis

South African Family Practice

Field Value
Title A ‘look’ into conjunctivitis
Creator Kathrada, F.
Subject — conjunctivitis; viral conjunctivitis; bacterial conjunctivitis; allergic conjunctivitis
Description Conjunctivitis is a common condition characterised by inflammation of the conjunctiva and is the most likely diagnosis in a patient with a red eye and discharge. Acute conjunctivitis is usually a self-limiting condition or one that is easily treated with topical ophthalmic preparations in most cases. Viral conjunctivitis is the most common cause of conjunctivitis followed by bacterial conjunctivitis. Purulent discharge and adherence of the eyelids upon awakening are strong indicators of bacterial conjunctivitis, however other similarities in presentation of conjunctivitis often leads to misdiagnoses. Acute viral conjunctivitis is most commonly caused by adenoviruses and allergic conjunctivitis is usually caused by seasonal pollens. Acute viral conjunctivitis is treated symptomatically while the use of topical antibiotics are useful in limiting the duration of conjunctivitis with a bacterial aetiology. Allergic conjunctivitis is also treated symptomatically with topical antihistamine/mast cell stabiliser preparations. Conjunctivitis secondary to sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea require systemic antimicrobials in addition to topical treatment.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2019-09-04
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Peer-reviewed Article —
Format application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/safp.v61i4.4955
Source South African Family Practice; Vol 61, No 4 (2019): July/August; 6-10 2078-6204 2078-6190
Language eng
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Coverage — — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 F. Kathrada https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0