Prophylaxis - A key component in malaria control

South African Family Practice

Field Value
Title Prophylaxis - A key component in malaria control
Creator van Zyl, R. L.
Subject — malaria; prophylaxis; Anopheles; insecticides; South Africa
Description With the summer holidays fast approaching, holidaymakers will be planning their trip across Africa and the globe. Patients need to be aware of the risks of mosquito bites and contracting malaria. Malaria is endemic in the Limpopo, Mpumalanga and Northern KwaZulu-Natal provinces, with several cases of travel or Odyssean malaria being reported around South Africa. Prophylaxis is key in reducing the risk of infection by malaria. The use of insect repellents, correct clothing, bed nets and environmental control, complemented with chemoprophylaxis will greatly reduce this risk. The current South African guidelines to prevent a malaria infection include atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline and mefloquine, with the latter drug recommended during pregnancy and when breast-feeding. Patients should be cautioned that despite implementing preventative measures, they should seek immediate medical attention if they develop ‘flu-like’ symptoms or a fever when returning from a malaria area. Appropriate prophylactic measures are key components in preventing a malaria infection and can be life-saving.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2018-11-30
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Peer-reviewed Article —
Format application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/safp.v60i6.4934
Source South African Family Practice; Vol 60, No 6 (2018): November/December; 14-16 2078-6204 2078-6190
Language eng
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Coverage — — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 R. L. van Zyl