Exploring migrant micro-entrepreneurs’ use of social capital to create opportunity in South Africa’s informal market: A qualitative approach

Southern African Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Exploring migrant micro-entrepreneurs’ use of social capital to create opportunity in South Africa’s informal market: A qualitative approach
 
Creator van der Walt, André G. Whittaker, Louise
 
Subject Entrepreneurship; Emerging markets; Opportunity creation emerging markets; community; micro-entrepreneur; migrant; opportunity creation; social capital.
Description Background: Migrants operating micro-enterprises in rural communities of South Africa is a common phenomenon. These entrepreneurs live in communities they serve, and their enterprises are embedded in the ‘social fabric’ of these communities. Because economic and social value is entrenched in these symbiotic relationships, it fosters the belief that these micro-enterprises hold significant job creation potential. Social capital provides an excellent base to explore this topic in more detail.Aim: The aim of this study was to explore why migrant micro-entrepreneurs operate enterprises in uncertain environments and how social capital contributes to migrant micro-entrepreneurial opportunity creation when contextualised in poverty.Setting: The investigation focused on rural communities in two large regions of South Africa, Mahikeng and QwaQwa. Both regions are characterised by a large central hub with several rural villages scattered around it.Methods: A qualitative research design helped to understand the process of opportunity creation. Entrepreneurs were selected through purposeful sampling to generate the data. Trustworthiness in the data was established by heightening transparency in the research process.Results: Four themes emerged: life experience, social connections, opportunities and business engagement. Life experience provided insights into why these entrepreneurs operated enterprises in uncertain environments, and the themes collectively showed how these entrepreneurs use social relationships to access resources to create opportunity.Conclusion: A visual framework and key contributions about how migrant micro-entrepreneurs gain access to resources, how opportunity contextualised in poverty was socially determined and the importance of entrepreneurial engagement provided academic and practical relevance in the field of entrepreneurship.
 
Publisher AOSIS Publishing
 
Contributor
Date 2020-01-20
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Qualitative narrative approach
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajesbm.v12i1.261
 
Source The Southern African Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management; Vol 12, No 1 (2020); 12 pages 2071-3185 2522-7343
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://sajesbm.co.za/index.php/sajesbm/article/view/261/373 https://sajesbm.co.za/index.php/sajesbm/article/view/261/372 https://sajesbm.co.za/index.php/sajesbm/article/view/261/374 https://sajesbm.co.za/index.php/sajesbm/article/view/261/371
 
Coverage Emerging markets; South Africa — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 André G. van der Walt, Louise Whittaker https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0