Record Details

Evidence on nutritional therapy practice guidelines and implementation in adult critically ill patients: A systematic scoping review


Field Value
Title Evidence on nutritional therapy practice guidelines and implementation in adult critically ill patients: A systematic scoping review
Creator Mooi, Nomaxabiso M. Ncama, Busisiwe P.
Subject Critical Care; Nursing;Public Health critically ill adults; nutritional therapy; practice guidelines; implementation; enteral nutritional therapy protocol; parenteral nutritional therapy protocol; algorithm; scoping review
Description Background: The rapid increase in disease-related malnutrition makes it almost impossible for healthcare practitioners and policymakers to keep up with its negative consequences. Consequently, healthcare organisations and decision-makers have called for accelerated and double-duty actions to manage the double burden of malnutrition. Guidelines standardise nutritional practices, improve nutritional status and reduce hospitalisation duration and save costs.Objectives: A systematic scoping review of the nutritional therapy practice guidelines and implementation in critically ill adults was undertaken to identify the breadth of literature on the topic, summarise findings and identify gaps.Methods: A comprehensive search strategy was designed and implemented to identify eligible studies from eight databases, websites of organisations, government departments and academic platforms. Reference lists of included studies were also searched for relevant studies. We assessed the quality of included studies, completed a descriptive numerical summary and analysed them.Results: In total, 1555 titles and 101 abstracts were screened, 65 underwent full text review and 19 were retained for data extraction. Studies scored average to high on quality assessment, and a summary of characteristics of included studies is presented. Nutritional therapy practice guidelines are considered a proactive strategy for enhanced, uniform and individualised nutritional practices and factors that influence implementation were identified.Conclusions: A gap exists between research recommendations and actual practice despite the growing interest in implementation of nutritional therapy guidelines in critical care. There is a need for more research to evaluate the practicality of available guidelines.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor University of KwaZulu-Natal School of Nursing and Public Health Systematic Reviews Services University Capacity Development Programme
Date 2019-12-13
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Systematic scoping review
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/curationis.v42i1.1973
Source Curationis; Vol 42, No 1 (2019); 13 pages 2223-6279 0379-8577
Language eng
Coverage — — Critically ill adults
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Nomaxabiso M. Mooi, Busisiwe P. Ncama