Burkitt lymphoma: Trends in children below 15 years reveal priority areas for early diagnosis activities in north-west Cameroon

SA Journal of Oncology

Field Value
Title Burkitt lymphoma: Trends in children below 15 years reveal priority areas for early diagnosis activities in north-west Cameroon
Creator Afungchwi, Glenn M. Hesseling, Peter B. Achu, Paul Bardin, Richard Kouya, Francine
Subject — Burkitt lymphoma; incidence; Cameroon
Description Background: Burkitt lymphoma is one of the most common childhood cancers in Cameroon. Incidence rates of 5.9/100 000 and 2.58 per 100 000 have been reported in two studies in 2005 and 2012 amongst children below 15 years in the North-West Region.Aim: This study seeks to examine how Burkitt lymphoma incidence has varied between the various health districts of north-west Cameroon from 2003 to 2015.Setting: North-West region of Cameroon.Method: Ethics approval was obtained from the relevant university and Health Services Institutional Review Board. Population data was obtained from the regional delegation of public health. The Paediatric Oncology Networked Database registry from two hospitals and two pathology-based registries were reviewed for cases per year from the various districts. Age-standardised incidence rates were computed for all districts by year using the World Health Organizaion world standard populations.Results: A total of 317 cases were registered. Overall age-standardised incidence rate was 3.07 per 100 000. Annual incidence ranged from 0.09 in 2003 to 6.12 in 2010. The districts with the highest incidence rates for the entire study period include Nwa with 10.54; Ndop with 5.63; Benakuma with 5.48; Ako with 4.97; and Nkambe with 4.73.Conclusion: Clustering of Burkitt lymphoma is seen in the region, with the highest incidence in Nwa, Ndop, Benakuma, Ako and Nkambe. These districts should be prioritised for awareness creation campaigns. There is need for a population-based childhood cancer registry in the region, which will use both active and passive surveillance methods to record all childhood cancer cases.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Paul Wharin Beryl Thyer Memorial Africa Trust, UK World Child Cancer, UK
Date 2019-02-18
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Review
Format text/html application/epub+zip application/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajo.v3i0.55
Source South African Journal of Oncology; Vol 3 (2019); 5 pages 2523-0646 2518-8704
Language eng
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https://sajo.org.za/index.php/sajo/article/view/55/179 https://sajo.org.za/index.php/sajo/article/view/55/178 https://sajo.org.za/index.php/sajo/article/view/55/180 https://sajo.org.za/index.php/sajo/article/view/55/176
Coverage Northwest Cameroon 2003-2015 age
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Glenn Mbah Afungchwi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0