Psychosocial stress in South African patients with type 2 diabetes

Journal of Insulin Resistance

Field Value
Title Psychosocial stress in South African patients with type 2 diabetes
Creator Ramkisson, Samantha Pillay, Basil J. Sartorius, Ben
Subject behavioural medicine; health psychology stress; adults; type 2 diabetes; metabolic control
Description Objective: Diabetes mellitus is considered an emotionally and behaviourally demanding condition which adds to the stress of a patient’s daily living. There is a paucity of literature in South Africa regarding stress and diabetes. This study therefore aims to identify the areas and contributory factors of psychosocial stress in South African patients with diabetes.Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted at two public facilities and five private medical practices on the north coast of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The Questionnaire on Stress in Diabetes – Revised was administered to 401 participants.Results: Eighteen percent of the sample reported having extreme psychosocial stress. Depression, physical complaints and self-medication/diet were the main areas which contributed to high psychosocial stress. Factors that also contributed to high levels of psychosocial stress were low educational level, unemployment, female gender, attending the public sector and high HbA1c levels.Conclusion: Psychosocial stress affects metabolic control in patients with diabetes, thereby increasing the risks of long-term complications.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor University of KwaZulu-Natal and the National Research Foundation
Date 2016-11-17
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Cross sectional design
Format text/html application/epub+zip application/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jir.v1i1.17
Source Journal of Insulin Resistance; Vol 1, No 1 (2016); 7 pages 2519-7533 2412-2785
Language eng
Coverage Kwa-Zulu Natal — age; gender
Rights Copyright (c) 2016 Samantha Ramkisson, Basil J. Pillay, Ben Sartorius