The general profile of children and adolescents with major depression referred to the Free State Psychiatric complex

South African Journal of Psychiatry

Field Value
Title The general profile of children and adolescents with major depression referred to the Free State Psychiatric complex
Creator Calitz, F J W Veitch, M Verkhovsky, A Nieuwoudt, D Myburg, J Joubert, G
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Description Background: Depression can have far-reaching effects on thefunctioning and adjustment of young people. Among bothchildren and adolescents depression confers an increased riskfor illness, interpersonal and psychosocial difficulties. Objective:The aim of this study was to determine the profile ofchildren (birth - 12 years) and adolescents (13 - 18 years) withmajor depression referred to the Child Mental Health Unit at theFree State Psychiatric Complex (FSPC) from 1 January 2004 to31 December 2004. Method: A total of 904 children and adolescents were referredto the Unit during 2004. From these referrals 100 children andadolescents (11.06%) were diagnosed with major depressionand were included in the study. Data analysis: The data were summarised using frequenciesand percentages (categorical variables) and means ofpercentiles (numerical variables). Results: The majority (74%) of the cases were in the adolescentage group and 61% were girls. The main complaints presentedby the parents or in the referral letter by the general practitionerswere behavioural problems (37%) such as stealing, aggressionand attention-seeking behaviour, followed by decrease inschool performance (25%), suspected depression (21%),suicidal tendencies (17%), and school refusal (8%). Twelve percent of the group had lost a family member. The main presentingclinical symptoms of major depression in the study group weresleep disturbance (59%), dysphoric (depressed) mood (57%),disturbance in appetite (49%), constant fatigue/loss of energy(43%), inability to enjoy activities that would normally givepleasure (37%), and impaired concentration (36%). Somaticcomplaints occurred in 42% of the study population.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2007-12-01
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v13i4.34
Source South African Journal of Psychiatry; Vol 13, No 4 (2007); 5 2078-6786 1608-9685
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2007 F J W Calitz, M Veitch, A Verkhovsky, D Nieuwoudt, J Myburg, G Joubert