Cannabis use trends in South Africa

South African Journal of Psychiatry

Field Value
Title Cannabis use trends in South Africa
Creator Peltzer, Karl Ramlagan, Shandir
Subject — —
Description The purpose of this review is to synthesise cannabis use datafrom surveys, specialised alcohol and drug treatment centres,cannabis-related trauma unit admissions and arrestee studiesover the past 12 years in South Africa.Results indicate that cannabis is the most common illicitsubstance used in South Africa, with particularly high useamong the youth. Current self-reported cannabis use was 5 -10% among adolescents and 2% among adults, higher amongmen than women, higher in urban than rural areas, higherin the urban provinces of Western Cape and Gauteng thanthe other provinces and higher among coloureds and whitesthan other racial groups. Cannabis is commonly misused bytrauma patients (29 - 59%) and is often associated with crime(39%). There has been an increase in seizures and treatmentdemand for cannabis. The current (2006) treatment demandfor the whole country was 17% for cannabis and 3.4% forcannabis and mandrax (methaqualone), which has implicationsfor treatment service delivery. Screening and brief interventionof substance (cannabis) use should be included in health caresettings.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2007-12-01
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v13i4.33
Source South African Journal of Psychiatry; Vol 13, No 4 (2007); 6 2078-6786 1608-9685
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2007 Karl Peltzer, Shandir Ramlagan