HIV and the urban homeless in Johannesburg

Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine

Field Value
Title HIV and the urban homeless in Johannesburg
Creator Lohrmann, G M Botha, B Violari, A Gray, G E
Subject Public Health; Infectious Diseases HIV; Epidemiology; Homeless; Unemployment; Xenophobia
Description Background. There are few data on HIV prevalence and risk factors among inner-city homeless and marginally housed individuals in South Africa.

Methods. We recruited 136 adults from a Johannesburg inner-city homeless clinic; mean age was 32.4 years, 129 (95%) were male, and 90 (66%) were of South African nationality. Participants were tested for HIV and answered a short demographic survey. Descriptive statistics and uni- and multivariate regression analyses were used for data analysis.

Results. The HIV prevalence in the cohort was 23.5%. Transactional sex, relationship status, number of concurrent sexual partners, condom usage and history of previously treated sexually transmitted infections (STIs), living on the street, the use of alcohol or drugs, and previous exposure to voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), were not significant risk factors for HIV-positivity. Statistically significant HIV risk factors on multivariate analysis included the presence of an STI (odds ratio (OR) 5.6; p
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2012-10-04
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Cross-sectional study
Format text/html application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajhivmed.v13i4.111
Source Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine; Vol 13, No 4 (2012); 174 2078-6751 1608-9693
Language eng
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Coverage Johannesburg April 2010 to April 2011 Age mean 32.4 years; Gender 95% male
Rights Copyright (c) 2012 G M Lohrmann, B Botha, A Violari, G E Gray