Abnormal descent of the testis and its complications: A multimodality imaging review

SA Journal of Radiology

Field Value
Title Abnormal descent of the testis and its complications: A multimodality imaging review
Creator Nepal, Pankaj Kumar, Devendra Ojili, Vijayanadh
Subject Radiology; pediatric Undescended; ectopic; testis; imaging; complications
Description Cryptorchidism refers to an absence of the testis in the scrotal sac. Testicular descent occurs in two stages: transabdominal and gubernacular. The descent of the testis can be arrested in its usual path of descent (true undescended testis) or can migrate from the usual path of descent (ectopic testis). Localising the missing testis is important for surgical planning, as well as for identification of complications that are more common with cryptorchidism. Ultrasound is the initial imaging modality to visualise, as well as localise the testis in cryptorchidism. However, ultrasound imaging is limited in visualising testes that are not superficial in location. This article highlights various examples of abnormal descent of the testis in usual as well as unusual locations and complications of undescended testes. Further evaluation with computed tomography scan or magnetic resonance imaging is needed in indeterminate cases and for identification of complications. We have highlighted the role of specific modalities with imaging findings in this pictorial review for the appropriate selection of each modality in clinical practice.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor self
Date 2018-09-27
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Review
Format text/html application/epub+zip application/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajr.v22i1.1374
Source South African Journal of Radiology; Vol 22, No 1 (2018); 6 pages 2078-6778 1027-202X
Language eng
Relation https://sajr.org.za/index.php/sajr/article/view/1374/2100 https://sajr.org.za/index.php/sajr/article/view/1374/2099 https://sajr.org.za/index.php/sajr/article/view/1374/2101 https://sajr.org.za/index.php/sajr/article/view/1374/2098
Coverage United States 2015 pediatric
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Pankaj Nepal, Devendra Kumar, Vijayanadh Ojili https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0