Record Details

Southern African customs union revenue, public expenditures and HIV/AIDS in BLNS countries

South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Southern African customs union revenue, public expenditures and HIV/AIDS in BLNS countries
 
Creator Ngalawa, Harold
 
Description  This study investigates how revenue from the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) common revenue pool affects efforts to contain HIV/AIDS in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland (BLNS countries). Using a dataset for the BLNS countries covering the period 1990-2007 in annual frequency and a health production function, the study estimates a dynamic panel using the Arellano-Bond (1991) difference Generalised Method of Moments. The study results show that an increase in either SACU revenue or aggregate government expenditure increases HIV prevalence rates. Disaggregating the government expenditures into health and non-health outlays reveals that the health expenditure component decreases HIV prevalence rates. To be precise, the study finds that HIV prevalence rates decline when public health expenditures as a percentage of GDP and public health expenditures as a percentage of total government expenditures increase. It is argued, therefore, that the type of public expenditure is of consequence: public health expenditures decrease, while public non-health expenditures increase the HIV prevalence rates, with the ultimate direction of HIV prevalence rates determined by the dominant of the two effects. 
 
Publisher AOSIS Publishing
 
Contributor
Date 2014-03-06
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Peer-reviewed Article
Format application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajems.v17i2.567
 
Source South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences; Vol 17, No 2 (2014); 173-183 2222-3436 1015-8812
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://sajems.org/index.php/sajems/article/view/567/334