Back pain in pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Health SA Gesondheid

Field Value
Title Back pain in pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Creator Hawker, Carmen O'Connor, Laura Reddy, Poovendhree Haffejee, Firoza Sibiya, Maureen N. Borg, Dorinda Ghuman, Shanaz Ngxongo, Thembilihle S. P. Govender, Nalini
Subject Maternal health, Musculoskeletal disease pregnancy; back pain; prevalence; South Africa; risk factors
Description Background: Back pain is not uncommon in pregnant women, but it is often under-reported and can be disabling. International studies report a high prevalence of back pain, especially in the last trimester. Little is known about the prevalence of back pain in South African pregnant women.Aim: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of back pain in a cohort of pregnant womenSetting: Public primary healthcare clinics and the eThekwini municipality of KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South AfricaMethods: A descriptive cohort design was used to survey pregnant women (n = 303) over the course of their pregnancy. Data were collected at the first antenatal visit and again in the third trimester. Participants gave consent and ethical clearance was obtained from an institutional research ethics committee, from the eThekwini Health District and KZN Provincial Department of Health.Results: The respondents were young Black African women (mean age of 25.8 (± 6.0), who were mostly unemployed (70.7%), and resided in a resource poor setting. Back pain prevalence at the first antenatal visit and the third trimester was 12.4% (n = 35) and 10.9% (n = 5), respectively. This condition was associated with carrying water and residing in a hostel or an employee’s property. Being single was associated with less risk for developing back pain.Conclusion: The prevalence of back pain was low in this cohort of women, yet it resulted in a negative impact on the women’s ability to cope with daily life.Contribution: This is one of the first studies to describe back pain in a South African pregnant population.
Publisher AOSIS Publishing
Contributor Medical Research Council of South Africa grant number DUT/MH1
Date 2021-07-30
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Descriptive survey
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/hsag.v26i0.1507
Source Health SA Gesondheid; Vol 26 (2021); 7 pages 2071-9736 1025-9848
Language eng
Coverage South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal 10th October 2015 and 11th October 2016 Black women
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Carmen Hawker, Laura O’Connor, Poovendhree Reddy, Firoza Haffejee, Maureen N. Sibiya, Dorinda Borg, Shanaz Ghuman, Thembilihle S.P. Ngxongo, Nalini Govender