Barriers to and facilitators of employment of persons with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review

African Journal of Disability


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Barriers to and facilitators of employment of persons with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review
 
Creator Morwane, Refilwe E. Dada, Shakila Bornman, Juan
 
Subject — barriers; disability; employment; facilitators; International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) framework; low- and middle-income countries (LMICs); societal participation
Description Background: Unemployment rates for persons with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are high. This is despite the call to action by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Sustainable Development Goals aimed at improving the economic well-being of the marginalised. To improve the employment outcomes of persons with disabilities in these countries, factors that facilitate and hinder employment should be explored.Objectives: This study explored barriers to and facilitators of employment for persons with disabilities in LMICs through a scoping review.Methods: A search strategy included a systematic search of nine databases using specific keywords. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework was used as a conceptual framework and barriers and facilitators were reported according to the domains of the ICF. Articles published between 2008 and 2020 were reviewed using a predefined criteria.Results: Thirty-two studies were identified in the review. Factors were identified in all domains of the ICF: (1) body function and body structure (12; 39%); (2) activities and participation (13; 42%); (3) personal factors (23; 74%); (4) environmental factors (27; 84%).Conclusion: Factors that hinder and facilitate the participation of persons with disabilities in LMICs were mainly found in the environment, with personal factors also influencing participation. The presence of negative attitudes and lack of services mainly in health and transport were major factors within the environment whilst personals factors included the lack of educational qualifications and skills. These results indicate the importance of consideration of contextual factors when developing intervention strategies aimed at facilitating the employment of persons with disabilities in LMICs.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor NIHSS/SAHUDA
Date 2021-06-22
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Review
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/ajod.v10i0.833
 
Source African Journal of Disability; Vol 10 (2021); 12 pages 2226-7220 2223-9170
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/833/1580 https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/833/1581 https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/833/1582 https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/833/1583
 
Coverage Low and middle income countries 2008-April 2020 Adults; 18 years and older; both genders; persons with disabilities
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Refilwe E. Morwane, Shakila Dada, Juan Bornman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0