Prevalence and determinants of tobacco use amongst South African adults with mental illness in the Eastern Cape

South African Journal of Psychiatry


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Prevalence and determinants of tobacco use amongst South African adults with mental illness in the Eastern Cape
 
Creator Tindimwebwa, Linda K. Ajayi, Anthony I. Adeniyi, Oladele V.
 
Subject Psychiatry Eastern Cape province; mental health users; mental illness; South Africa; tobacco use
Description Background: Given the physical and mental health consequences of tobacco use amongst individuals with mental illness, it was imperative to assess the burden of tobacco use in this population.Aim: This study examined the patterns and factors associated with tobacco use in individuals attending the outpatient unit.Setting: Cecilia Makiwane Hospital Mental Health Department in Eastern Cape province, South Africa.Methods: Lifetime (ever use) use and current use of any tobacco products were examined in a cross-sectional study of 390 individuals between March and June 2020. A logistic regression was fitted to determine the correlates of lifetime and current use of any tobacco products.Results: The rates of ever use and current use of tobacco products were 59.4% and 44.6%, respectively. Of the participants interviewed, lifetime tobacco use was more prevalent amongst individuals with schizophrenia (67.9%) and cannabis-induced disorders (97.3%) and lower in those with major depressive disorders (36.1%) and bipolar and related disorders (43.5%). Men were six times more likely to have ever used or currently use tobacco products in comparison to women. Also, those who had a salaried job or owned a business were over three times more likely to have ever used or currently use tobacco products compared with those receiving government social grants.Conclusions: The prevalence of tobacco use in this study was significantly higher than the general population in the Eastern Cape. Therefore, smoking prevention and cessation interventions targeted at the general population should target this often neglected sub-population in the region.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor
Date 2021-06-14
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Cross-sectional study
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v27i0.1637
 
Source South African Journal of Psychiatry; Vol 27 (2021); 9 pages 2078-6786 1608-9685
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1637/2182 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1637/2183 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1637/2184 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1637/2185
 
Coverage Eastern Cape, Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality and Amathole District March 2020-June 2020 Adult (>18) Mental Health Care Users
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Linda K. Tindimwebwa, Anthony I. Ajayi, Oladele V. Adeniyi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0