Detection and analysis of tick-borne infections in communal dogs of northwest Zimbabwe

Journal of the South African Veterinary Association

Field Value
Title Detection and analysis of tick-borne infections in communal dogs of northwest Zimbabwe
Creator Kennedy, Melissa A. Thompson, Riley E. McRee Bakker, Anna Fung, Canny Dawson, Jessica Parry, Roger Foggin, Chris Odoi, Agricola
Subject Veterinary Medicine; Epidemiology canine; tick; Southern Africa; Ehrlichia; one health
Description Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) may serve as a reservoir or a sentinel for infectious disease pathogens that can affect human and wildlife health. To understand the role of tick-borne diseases in rural and lesser developed regions, we investigated the prevalence of several tick-borne pathogens in communal dogs of Zimbabwe. Blood samples from 225 dogs in northwest Zimbabwe were assessed by serology for Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi, and 241 samples were assessed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Ehrlichia. There was a high seroprevalence (73%) of E. canis-specific antibodies in domestic dogs in northwest Zimbabwe, but follow up analyses via PCR and genetic sequencing indicated only 7.5% of the canines were actively infected with the organism. Whilst indicating that an organism serologically related to E. canis is likely present in the region, this data also shows that the organism is currently present in a relative minority of the domestic dogs in the region. Its presence as evidenced by both serologic and PCR analysis is significant because of the ‘one health’ paradigm, where humans and wildlife may be affected by the exposure to this pathogen in domestic dogs.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Morris Animal Foundation IDEXX Merial
Date 2021-04-29
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jsava.v92i0.2096
Source Journal of the South African Veterinary Association; Vol 92 (2021); 4 pages 2224-9435 1019-9128
Language eng
Coverage Zimbabwe — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Melissa A. Kennedy, Riley E. Thompson, Anna McRee Bakker, Canny Fung, Jessica Dawson, Roger Parry, Chris Foggin, Agricola Odoi