Self-management strategies of graduate employees to enhance work engagement

SA Journal of Industrial Psychology

Field Value
Title Self-management strategies of graduate employees to enhance work engagement
Creator Dhanpat, Nelesh Danguru, Dorothy L. Fetile, Oyisa Kekana, Kholeka Mathetha, Kholosa N. Nhlabathi, Sphiwe F. Ruiters, Elmain
Subject industrial psychology; human resource management self-management; work engagement; graduates; self-goal-setting; self-observation, self-cueing; self-reward; self-punishment
Description Orientation: The hiring of graduates is valuable to organisations. It is necessary to understand the self-management behaviours they display and the behaviours required to keep them engaged.Research purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how self-management strategies enhance work engagement of recent graduates who find themselves in a new environment of the world of work.Motivation for the study: Employee engagement is of both academic and practitioner interest. With organisations hiring graduates, it is valuable to understand the self-management behaviours needed to remain engaged.Research approach/design and method: A qualitative research approach was employed through an interpretivist research paradigm. A purposive sample of 12 graduate employees (median age = 24) in various fields of work were interviewed (women = 11, men = 1; black = 11, coloured = 1). The graduates participated in semi-structured interviews. A thematic analysis was conducted and five themes emerged.Main findings: Through an inductive approach, the five themes that emerged concerning self-management strategies used by graduates to enhance their work engagement are goal setting, self-cueing, self-observation, self-reward and self-punishment and work engagement practices.Practical/managerial implications: Self-management strategies help to sustain an engaged workforce. Organisations that make use of graduate recruitment will largely benefit from the findings.Contribution/value-add: There is limited research on the topic pertaining to graduate employees. Graduates remain relevant in the organisation, and hence, the study makes a contribution to theory and practice. A model is presented with recommendations for graduates and the organisation, which, when implemented, have the potential to enhance work engagement.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2021-04-28
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajip.v47i0.1857
Source SA Journal of Industrial Psychology; Vol 47 (2021); 12 pages 2071-0763 0258-5200
Language eng
Coverage South Africa — Age; Gender; Race
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Nelesh Dhanpat, Dorothy L. Danguru, Oyisa Fetile, Kholeka Kekana, Kholosa N. Mathetha, Sphiwe F. Nhlabathi, Elmain Ruiters