Knowledge outcome of visual-simulation-based over print-based diabetic retinopathy health education amongst the Omani community residing in Al Batinah, Oman

African Vision and Eye Health


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Knowledge outcome of visual-simulation-based over print-based diabetic retinopathy health education amongst the Omani community residing in Al Batinah, Oman
 
Creator Vankudre, Gopi S. Al Saad, Sheikha M.R.D.
 
Subject primary care; optometry; ophthalmology; vision science health promotion; diabetes mellitus; diabetic retinopathy; primary care; optometry; ophthalmology; vision science
Description Background: Evidence-based contextual diabetic retinopathy (DR) related health promotion tools are essential in improving patient compliance and reducing the condition-related burden within the community.Aim: This study compares DR related knowledge impact amongst the population following the traditional print based health education over the developed visual simulations.Setting: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted within a province in Oman over the duration of one year.Methods: One hundred and thirty-six (50.6%) participants were provided with print-based and 133 (49.4%) with visual-simulation-based DR related health promotional intervention. A questionnaire and model responses were designed and validated to assess the knowledge of the participants about DR.Results: The improvement in DR related knowledge scores was slightly higher in the print-based version (17.88%) compared to the visual-simulation-based (15.77%) health education. However, the Mann Whitney U test indicated a statistically insignificant (U = 8446.5, p = 0.348) difference in change in the knowledge scores between these groups following the provision of DR related health education either with the print-based or visual-simulation-based version.Conclusion: Print-based, as well as visual-simulation-based health educational interventions are effective in improving DR related knowledge. Although there is not enough evidence to support the visual-simulation method over the print-based DR health education, observing the similar positive impact upon the DR knowledge level with the latter method, this study suggests the use of these contextual visual simulations as an alternative strategy of DR health education. There is a need to develop evaluation strategies for the health promotional tools. The evidence-based health promotional tools are recommended to be integrated within the eye health system.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor Not applicable
Date 2021-04-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Comparative; Questionnaire based survey
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/aveh.v80i1.581
 
Source African Vision and Eye Health; Vol 80, No 1 (2021); 8 pages 2410-1516 2413-3183
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/581/1491 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/581/1490 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/581/1492 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/581/1489
 
Coverage Oman; Middle East; Gulf Not applicable General population
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Gopi S. Vankudre, Sheikha M.R.D. Al Saad https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0