Interpupillary distance measurements for the African population of Polokwane in Limpopo province, South Africa

African Vision and Eye Health

Field Value
Title Interpupillary distance measurements for the African population of Polokwane in Limpopo province, South Africa
Creator Mhaleni, Vutlhari C. Maponya, Maserebane B. Ramakatsa, Lebohang N.D. Mahlakwana, Lerato Mathebula, Solani D.
Subject — interpupillary distance; African interpupillary distance; pupillometry; ocular anthropometry; inter-ocular anatomy
Description Background: Interpupillary distance (IPD) measurements are crucial as IPD needs to be considered before frame selection. The correct positioning of lenses before the eyes is very important to eliminate potentially undesirable prismatic effects from the lenses.Aim: To investigate and report baseline or preliminary values and variations of IPD measurements amongst black South Africans.Setting: The study was conducted in a privately owned optometric practice in Polokwane, Limpopo Province of South Africa.Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted from 386 randomly selected record cards of patients seen in a private optometric practice. The record cards were selected randomly from patients who were examined by a single optometrist from 2017 to 2019. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for analysis.Results: The study sample comprised of 386 participants, of which 214 and 172 were females and males, respectively. The mean IPD measurements were 67.2 millimetres (mm) ± 3 mm and 64.2 mm ± 3 mm for distance and near measurements, respectively.Conclusion: The study provides preliminary or baseline IPD for black South Africans that can be used by the optical industry. The vast majority of adult IPD lie within the range 63 mm to 76 mm. This study also established that there is a significant difference between distance and near IPD. On average, the near IPD is approximately 3 mm less than distant IPD. Knowledge of mean IPD is important in the design of optical devices and for the production of spectacle frames and lenses.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor South African Medical Research Council
Date 2021-03-24
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/aveh.v80i1.582
Source African Vision and Eye Health; Vol 80, No 1 (2021); 5 pages 2410-1516 2413-3183
Language eng
Coverage — — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Solani D. Mathebula