Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders amongst flower farm workers in Kenya

South African Journal of Physiotherapy

Field Value
Title Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders amongst flower farm workers in Kenya
Creator Munala, Jotham M. Olivier, Benita Karuguti, Wallace M. Karanja, Simon M.
Subject Physiotherapy; Ergonomics work-related musculoskeletal disorders; farm workers; prevalence; musculoskeletal pain; chronic pain
Description Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are a global public concern for health and social-care systems, as well as individuals. They are the second-most prevalent cause of disability globally.Objectives: The primary objective was to determine the prevalence of WMSDs amongst flower farm workers. The secondary objective was to determine the association between the socio-demographic characteristics and the presence of WMSDs in the previous 12-month period.Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. A sample of 270 participants was drawn from 897 farm workers. Quantitative data related to musculoskeletal disorders were collected using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ). Descriptive statistics were undertaken using frequencies and percentages. Inferential statistics were analysed using a chi-squared test (X2) based on an alpha level of p 0.05.Results: A total of 184 (68.1%) respondents reported musculoskeletal discomfort. Amongst the 184 respondents, 178 were performing general farm work. Most 103 (38.1%) of the WMSDs were reported in the lower back. There was a strong association between job designation as a general worker (p = 0.016), an older age (p = 0.027) and having worked for a long time as a farm worker (p = 0.041) and WMSDs.Conclusion: Flower farm workers in Kenya were found to be heavily burdened by WMSDs. Furthermore, the job designation, older age, as well as having worked for a long time, predisposes workers to the risk of developing WMSDs.Clinical implications: The high prevalence of WMSDs necessitates policy reform in the flower farm industry.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2021-03-09
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Descriptive; Cross-sectional
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajp.v77i1.1515
Source South African Journal of Physiotherapy; Vol 77, No 1 (2021); 7 pages 2410-8219 0379-6175
Language eng
Coverage — — Prevalence
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Jotham M. Munala, Benita Olivier, Wallace M. Karuguti, Simon M. Karanja