Trends and patterns of suicidal behaviour in Nigeria: Mixed-methods analysis of media reports from 2016 to 2019

South African Journal of Psychiatry


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Trends and patterns of suicidal behaviour in Nigeria: Mixed-methods analysis of media reports from 2016 to 2019
 
Creator Olibamoyo, Olushola Ola, Bolanle Coker, Olurotimi Adewuya, Abiodun Onabola, Akintayo
 
Subject Psychiatry content analysis; media; trend; patterns; suicidal behaviours; Nigeria
Description Background: Media coverage of suicides in Nigeria appears to be explicitly descriptive and deviates from the recommended best practice. Despite these shortcomings, verifiable information provided by these media outlets could arguably, at the minimum, mirror the reality of the trends and patterns of suicidal behaviour in Nigeria.Aim: This study aimed to analyse the trends and patterns of suicidal behaviour in Nigeria using media reports from 2016 to 2019. We examined the effect of gender and age groups on these trends and patterns of suicidal behaviour.Setting: The study was carried out in Nigeria.Methods: Qualitative content analysis was used to assess the content of each verifiable suicide event. In total, 336 verified suicide-related events were selected from 4365 media reports. Quantitative data were collected on age, gender, type of suicidal behaviour, method, place and motivation for suicidal behaviour. Data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software. Fisher’s exact test was used to examine the association between gender, age groups and other variables. p-value was set at ≤ 0.05.Results: Completed suicide was the most common reported suicidal behaviour. Hanging was the dominant reported method, followed by poisoning. Significant gender differences were observed between age groups (p 0.001) and methods of suicidal behaviour (p 0.001). Also, significant age differences were observed between the methods of suicidal behaviour (p 0.001), places (p 0.001) and motivations for suicidal behaviour (p 0.001).Conclusion: The study confirms that there are gender and age differences in the trends and patterns of suicidal behaviour in Nigeria.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor none
Date 2021-03-08
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Quantitaive content analysis
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v27i0.1572
 
Source South African Journal of Psychiatry; Vol 27 (2021); 9 pages 2078-6786 1608-9685
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1572/2014 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1572/2013 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1572/2015 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1572/2011
 
Coverage Nigeria January 2006-December 2009 Age; Gender
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Olushola Olibamoyo, Bolanle Ola, Olurotimi Coker, Abiodun Adewuya, Akintayo Onabola https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0