A review of fire management practices in African savanna-protected areas

Koedoe - African Protected Area Conservation and Science


 
 
Field Value
 
Title A review of fire management practices in African savanna-protected areas
 
Creator Nieman, Willem A. van Wilgen, Brian W. Leslie, Alison J.
 
Subject Fire management; Environmental management biodiversity; bush encroachment; fire regime; global change; grass fuel; CO2-enrichment; environmental management; prescribed burning.Bush encroachment; fire regime; global change; grass fuel; CO2-enrichment; environmental management; prescribed burning
Description The level of understanding of the ecological effects of fires has improved over the past century, but comprehensive information on the practical application of fire remains restricted to a few well-studied areas, and management information is scattered. This article reviews the goals of fire management practices in African savanna-protected areas, and the approaches that have been adopted to achieve them. We identified 15 distinct fire management practices described in 107 papers from 19 African countries. Fire management has evolved in response to changing ecological understanding, as well as the shifting goals of protected areas. Currently, fire management practices can be divided into those that use fire to achieve specific ecological outcomes, those where fire is applied to promote diverse fire patterns across the landscape without necessarily having a specific ecological outcome in mind, and those that use fire to achieve specific, non-ecological or social goals. In larger, heterogeneous protected areas, fire management practices may vary at different sites in order to achieve a range of goals. We compared the effectiveness of each practice in terms of achieving 10 broad goals. These included ecological goals, for example, reversing woody and social goals (e.g. maintaining community relationships).Conservation implications: Fire management remains an important ecosystem process that can be manipulated to achieve particular goals in protected areas. The choice of a particular approach, or approaches, will depend on the circumstances pertaining to a particular protected area, and we provide examples of situations where each practice could be most appropriate.
 
Publisher AOSIS Publishing
 
Contributor Earthwatch Institute DSI-NRF Centre for Invasion Biology National Research Foundation of South Africa
Date 2021-02-15
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Literature search
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/koedoe.v63i1.1655
 
Source Koedoe; Vol 63, No 1 (2021); 13 pages 2071-0771 0075-6458
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1655/2795 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1655/2794 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1655/2796 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1655/2793
 
Coverage Africa; Protected areas; savannas 1920-2020 Literature search
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Willem A. Nieman, Brian W. van Wilgen, Alison J. Leslie https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0