Determining the dimensionality and gender invariance of the MACE work-to-family enrichment scale using bifactor and approximate invariance tests

SA Journal of Industrial Psychology


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Determining the dimensionality and gender invariance of the MACE work-to-family enrichment scale using bifactor and approximate invariance tests
 
Creator Schaap, Pieter Koekemoer, Eileen
 
Subject organisational behaviour; psychometrics bifactor analysis; gender invariance; scale dimensionality; factor strength indices; local indicator misfit analysis; approximate invariance testing; MACE work-to-family enrichment scale; work-family enrichment; method factors.
Description larification.Research purpose: The main aim of our study was to get clarity on the dimensionality of the MACE-W2FE. The secondary aim was to test for approximate invariance of the measure for gender groups.Motivation for the study: Variations in the reported measurement models for the MACE-W2FE between studies are not conducive for theory development and called for clarification. Previous models reported were a multidimensional model and a second-order model. Approximate measurement invariance is a prerequisite for study differences between gender groups.Research approach/design and method: We did seek to resolve the problem by using bifactor model analysis, factor strength indices and local indicator misspecification analyses using a sample of 786 South African employees. Invariance was tested using the alignment optimisation method.Main findings: In this study, we solved a substantive research problem by determining that the data from the study best supported a single breadth factor or first-order factor model that was essentially unidimensional. The invariance tests across gender groups confirmed approximate configural, measurement and scalar invariances for the unidimensional model.Practical/managerial implications: Researchers and practitioners may include the MACE-W2FE in studies as a single-aggregated score without negligible loss in measurement precision.Contribution/value-add: The extended confirmatory factor analyses we conducted proved valuable in resolving the MACE-W2FE’s dimensionality vacillations, thereby enhancing the validity of inferences made from scale scores.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor
Date 2021-01-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Survey; cross-sectional
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajip.v47i0.1821
 
Source SA Journal of Industrial Psychology; Vol 47 (2021); 16 pages 2071-0763 0258-5200
 
Language eng
 
Relation info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/103796 https://sajip.co.za/index.php/sajip/article/view/1821/3033 https://sajip.co.za/index.php/sajip/article/view/1821/3032 https://sajip.co.za/index.php/sajip/article/view/1821/3034 https://sajip.co.za/index.php/sajip/article/view/1821/3031
 
Coverage — — Working adults; male and female; diverse ethnicity
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess Copyright (c) 2021 Pieter Schaap, Eileen Koekemoer https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0