Visual health status and its relationship with road traffic accidents amongst Nigerian vehicle drivers: A publication of the Nigerian Optometric Association

African Vision and Eye Health


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Visual health status and its relationship with road traffic accidents amongst Nigerian vehicle drivers: A publication of the Nigerian Optometric Association
 
Creator Ekpenyong, Bernadine N. Echendu, Damian Ekanem, Ekanem
 
Subject Vision science ; Primary Care; Optometry road traffic accident; vehicle drivers; visual health status; visual impairment; prevalence; driving license
Description Background: A driver’s vision is an important human factor necessary for safe driving.Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the functional vision status of drivers in Nigeria and to establish its relationship with road traffic accidents (RTAs).Setting: Designated road lay-bys and motor parks in Nigeria.Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used for this study, with a sample size of 3521 vehicle drivers. Twenty-seven states and the Federal Capital Territory Abuja participated in the study. Participating drivers were interviewed, and clinical eye examinations were conducted by a team of optometrists at designated Federal Road Safety Commission road checkpoints and motor parks in the country.Results: The mean age of the drivers was 46.3 ± 10.9 years. Of the 3500 participants, 3080 (88%) were men and 2780 (79.4%) had a driving licence. The percentage of drivers who underwent an eye test before being issued a licence was generally low (median, 43.5%). A history of RTA was reported by 8.3% of the drivers. The prevalence of visual impairment was observed amongst 7.5% of drivers (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.6% – 8.5%), whilst the prevalence amongst private drivers was 6.1% (95% CI, 4.6% – 7.9%). Drivers with visual impairment were nearly two times (adjusted odds ratio, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.06–2.77) more likely to be involved in RTA compared to those without impairment.Conclusion: This survey has demonstrated the relationship between poor vision and the occurrence of RTA. All stakeholders must work together to ensure the safety of lives and property on our roads.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor Members of the Nigerian Optometric Association Federal Road Safety Commission of Nigeria State and Federal Ministries of Health
Date 2020-12-07
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Quantitative Research
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/aveh.v79i1.577
 
Source African Vision and Eye Health; Vol 79, No 1 (2020); 8 pages 2410-1516 2413-3183
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/577/1373 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/577/1372 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/577/1374 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/577/1371
 
Coverage Africa; Europe; America; Asia — Vehicle drivers
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Bernadine N. Ekpenyong, Damian Echendu, Ekanem Ekanem https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0