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Autonomous-submissive orientations and aggression of students at a metropolitan university in South Africa: Mental health implications


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Title Autonomous-submissive orientations and aggression of students at a metropolitan university in South Africa: Mental health implications
Creator Myburgh, Chris Poggenpoel, Marie Fourie, Cornelius
Subject Higher Education & Health Sciences, Psychiatric Nursing aggression; autonomous-submissive orientation; descriptive; differences; exploratory; factor analysis; university students
Description Background: Students are sometimes subjected to difficult circumstances to achieve success. Studying under these circumstances could cultivate aggression towards self and others, and the environment. Little, if any, published research is available dealing with students being orientated autonomous versus being submissive and perceptions of aggression.Objectives: To explore and describe the perceptions of groups of students being orientated autonomous versus students being submissive and perceptions of aggression. Recommendations concerning these two groups of students are made.Method: An exploratory quantitative research design that is descriptive and inferential in nature was applied. A questionnaire was electronically distributed to students in a faculty. The questionnaire consisted of items on biographic, personality and aggression. In the statistical analysis Cronbach’s alphas, principal component analysis were done and hypotheses were tested on differences between students orientated autonomous and those being submissive.Results: Of the 266 completed questionnaires used, 177 were received from females and 89 from males. Eighty-two (82) of these were honours, masters or doctoral students. Findings reflected graded differences between students being autonomous and students being submissive orientated concerning Overt verbal aggression (means below 1.82), Overt physical aggression (means below 2.53) and aggressive inclination towards others (means below 3.01). The implications are that students are to be sensitised to be reflective of their levels of aggression. University management should help students to be reflective concerning their aggression, and to establish congruency between self-perception and reality.Conclusion: Students should be helped to understand and manage their aggressive inclination.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2020-11-03
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Exploratory quantitative; inferential
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/curationis.v43i1.2142
Source Curationis; Vol 43, No 1 (2020); 9 pages 2223-6279 0379-8577
Language eng
Coverage students of one faculty in a university recent 266 (female=177); 1st yr to PhD students; age 17-56 yrs
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Chris Myburgh, Marie Poggenpoel, Cornelius Fourie