Understanding vernal keratoconjunctivitis in children

African Vision and Eye Health

Field Value
Title Understanding vernal keratoconjunctivitis in children
Creator Sithole, Hlupheka L.
Subject Primary care, optometry, public health vernal keratoconjunctivitis; chronic disease; children; allergy; public health
Description Background: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a public health problem that mostly affects children in warm subtropical climates. Unfortunately, the causative factors of the disease are not clearly defined, thus posing a serious management challenge to healthcare providers. It is therefore argued that understanding the pathogenesis of the disease and how various inflammatory cells affect the conjunctiva and the cornea may assist in the management of the disease.Aim: As visual impairment and avoidable blindness are indicated, it is advisable for optometrists to understand the clinical presentation of this chronic condition in order to initiate appropriate interventions and/or immediate referrals where necessary.Methods: A thorough literature search was conducted on peer-reviewed publications on VKC and children. All material obtained were then studied and the information extracted was used to document relevant information required for understanding VKC amongst children.Results: The results in the studied material revealed that VKC was prevalent amongst children aged 2 to 18 years, affecting mostly male children of African and Indian origins. Different strategies of management of the disease have been proposed, including but not limited to explaining to parents the nature of the disease, environmental strategies and preventive measures as well as possible surgical intervention.Conclusion: In view of the nature of this disease, healthcare providers should therefore seek to understand the history of the patient better when such patients present for their first consultation in order to develop a comprehensive management approach.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2020-09-21
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Review
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/aveh.v79i1.533
Source African Vision and Eye Health; Vol 79, No 1 (2020); 7 pages 2410-1516 2413-3183
Language eng
Relation https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/533/1246 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/533/1245 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/533/1247 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/533/1244
Coverage Africa; South Africa 2019 Age; Gender; African; Children
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Hlupheka L. Sithole https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0