A preliminary assessment of the presence and distribution of invasive and potentially invasive alien plant species in Laikipia County, Kenya, a biodiversity hotspot

Koedoe - African Protected Area Conservation and Science

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Title A preliminary assessment of the presence and distribution of invasive and potentially invasive alien plant species in Laikipia County, Kenya, a biodiversity hotspot
Creator Witt, Arne B.R. Nunda, Winnie Beale, Tim Kriticos, Darren J.
Subject Invasion biology; Botany; Ecology invasive alien plants; distribution; management; protected areas; alien plant species
Description This is the first assessment of naturalised, invasive and potentially invasive alien plant species present in Laikipia County, Kenya, which hosts the highest populations of endangered large mammals in the country. We undertook broad-scale roadside surveys in Laikipia, recording all naturalised and invasive species, and based on an extensive literature review, also compiled a list of those alien species present that are known to threaten biodiversity and livelihoods elsewhere in the world. The data were supplemented by CLIMEX eco-climatic niche models of nine species that we consider to pose the biggest threat to conservation initiatives in the East African region. Of the 145 alien plant species recorded, 67 and 37 (including four species of uncertain origin) were considered to be already naturalised or invasive, respectively, and a further 41 species had been recorded as being naturalised or invasive outside of Laikipia. Most (141) of these species were introduced as ornamentals only or had uses in addition to being ornamentals, with the majority (77) having their origins in tropical America. Widespread species in the county included Opuntia stricta, O. ficus-indica, Austrocylindropuntia subulata and other succulents. Based on the current eco-climatic conditions, most of Laikipia is unsuitable for Chromolaena odorata, marginally suitable for Mimosa pigra and Lantana camara, and a better climatic match, ranked from least to most favourable, for Tithonia diversifolia, Cryptostegia grandiflora, Parthenium hysterophorus, Prosopis juliflora, O. stricta and Parkinsonia aculeata.Conservation implications: Invasive alien plants are known to have negative impacts on biodiversity, and as such pose significant threats to protected area ecosystems worldwide. Without efforts to eradicate, contain or control invasive plant species in Laikipia, one of the most important conservation areas in eastern Africa many rare and iconic wildlife species may be lost.
Publisher AOSIS Publishing
Contributor UNDP SGP
Date 2020-09-09
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Roadside surveys; Eco-climatic modelling
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/koedoe.v62i1.1605
Source Koedoe; Vol 62, No 1 (2020); 10 pages 2071-0771 0075-6458
Language eng
Relation https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1605/2568 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1605/2567 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1605/2569 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1605/2566 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1605/2614 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/downloadSuppFile/1605/2427
Coverage Africa; Kenya; Laikipia County; Conservancies Current Presence; distribution; abundance; impacts
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Arne B.R. Witt, Winnie Nunda, Tim Beale, Darren J. Kriticos https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0