The life stories and experiences of the children admitted to the Institute for Imbecile Children from 1895 to 1913

African Journal of Disability


 
 
Field Value
 
Title The life stories and experiences of the children admitted to the Institute for Imbecile Children from 1895 to 1913
 
Creator du Plessis, Rory
 
Subject disability studies Dr Thomas Duncan Greenlees; Makhanda; children with intellectual disabilities; Cape Colony; disability studies; personhood; humanness
Description Background: South African scholarship on intellectual disability has produced a sizeable body of research, yet there are numerous areas where there is a paucity of research. One area in which there is a conspicuous paucity of research is historical studies of people with intellectual disability (PWID). The existing works devoted to the history of PWID in South Africa are primarily focused on the legal provisions and institutions for the protection and care of PWID. Missing from these works are the life stories and experiences of PWID.Objectives: The article offers a study devoted to the life stories and experiences of the children with intellectual disability (CWID) who were admitted to the Institute for Imbecile Children from 1895 to 1913. The institute opened in April 1895 in Makhanda (formerly known as Grahamstown), South Africa. The institute was the first of its kind in the Cape Colony for CWID.Method: The study presents a qualitative investigation of the life stories and experiences of the children that were recorded in the institute’s casebook. The entire set of 101 cases contained in the casebook was analysed by adopting a Gadamerian approach to hermeneutics.Results: The examination of the institute’s casebook identified several broad themes relating to the children’s admittance, daily life at the institute and their routes out of the institute. The study also extols the individuality of each child’s life story to provide an awareness and richer appreciation of the humanness and personhood of the children.Conclusion: The article contributes a positive narrative to the identity and the history of South African children with intellectual disability living in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor University of Pretoria
Date 2020-08-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — qualitative research; hermeneutic analysis
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/ajod.v9i0.669
 
Source African Journal of Disability; Vol 9 (2020); 10 pages 2226-7220 2223-9170
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/669/1401 https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/669/1400 https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/669/1402 https://ajod.org/index.php/ajod/article/view/669/1399
 
Coverage Africa; South Africa; Eastern Cape Province, Cape Colony 1895 - 1913 age, children, gender
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Rory du Plessis https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0