Design of a paediatric rate of reading test chart

African Vision and Eye Health

Field Value
Title Design of a paediatric rate of reading test chart
Creator Nirghin, Urvashni
Subject Health Science; Optometry reading rate; reading performance; reading chart; low vision; children
Description Background: Reading rate reflects the quality of reading performance, especially in children, not typically measured during routine eye examinations. There is currently no reading rate chart with optometric notations made specifically for children with normal vision and low vision.Aim: To design a chart with optometric notations to measure reading rates in normally sighted and low-vision children.Setting: The study was conducted in an assigned room of a selected school with fluorescent lighting.Methods: Ten words were randomly arranged in each of the 10 rows of the chart. Two font versions were printed in black ink on white cardboards. Reliability and validity of the chart was established with 100 normally sighted children. Data were analysed using paired t-tests, Pearson’s correlation and the Bland and Altman method.Results: Six versions each in Arial and Times New Roman fonts were designed, with equivalent Snellen acuity levels, with each version having four acuity notations. Reliability results were p = 0.29 and R² = 0.95, with the Bland and Altman method revealing a mean difference of −0.58 correct words read per minute (cwpm) with confidence limits of +10.07 and −11.23 cwpm. Validity determined with the Wilkins chart and the new chart were p = 0.01 and R² = 0.99, with the Bland and Altman method showing a mean difference of +0.90 cwpm with confidence limits of +6.33 and −4.53 cwpm.Conclusions: This chart is a reliable and valid tool and can be used for assessing reading rates of normally sighted and low-vision children.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor This work was supported and funded by the University of KwaZulu-Natal and Professor OA Oduntan served as the supervisor.
Date 2020-08-06
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Mixed; observational; convenient sampling
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/aveh.v79i1.536
Source African Vision and Eye Health; Vol 79, No 1 (2020); 7 pages 2410-1516 2413-3183
Language eng
Coverage South Africa 2012-2013 9 to 12 years, male and female, primary school children
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Urvashni Nirghin