An evaluation of eThekwini Municipality’s regeneration programmes on littering and dumping

African Evaluation Journal

Field Value
Title An evaluation of eThekwini Municipality’s regeneration programmes on littering and dumping
Creator Govender, Nirmala Reddy, Purshottama S.
Subject Evaluation; Governance; Local Government urban degeneration; littering; dumping; by-laws; enforcement; waste management
Description Background: South African cities have been beleaguered with urban deterioration challenges, especially dumping and littering, notwithstanding the regulatory framework and the continuous clean-up programmes undertaken by municipalities. This article identifies the challenges within eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality in addressing littering and dumping, and recommends improvements towards urban regeneration efforts.Objectives: To critically evaluate compliance of legislation and efficacy of the urban regeneration programmes implemented, which addressed littering and dumping within the inner city of eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality.Method: This convergent mixed-method research followed a case study approach and involved the analysis of primary data obtained from a qualitative perspective, including semi-structured interviews and questionnaires; and secondary analysis of quantitative data in the form of documents and reports obtained from the municipality.Results: The article identified that urban degeneration, specifically litter and dumping, occurred as a result of ineffective compliance of regulations and lack of enforcement; outdated service levels, lack of monitoring and evaluation of programmes; lack of education initiatives; ineffective leadership and governance; lack of involvement of citizens and businesses in clean city initiatives; and the negative behavioural patterns of citizens.Conclusion: The key recommendations for municipalities include implementing an integrated strategic plan for urban regeneration within a proactive policy and regulatory environment; monitoring and evaluation of programmes related to urban regeneration; increased resources dedicated to waste management and enforcement; implementing enforcement and consequence management strategies; and stimulating change in the behaviour patterns of citizens, businesses as well as municipality employees.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Ethekwini Municipality University of Kwa-Zulu Natal
Date 2020-05-27
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — convergent mixed methods case study
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/aej.v8i1.415
Source African Evaluation Journal; Vol 8, No 1 (2020); 8 pages 2306-5133 2310-4988
Language eng
Coverage South Africa — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Nirmala Govender, Purshottama S. Reddy