Seal bites at sub-Antarctic Marion Island: Incidence, outcomes and treatment recommendations

Journal of the South African Veterinary Association

Field Value
Title Seal bites at sub-Antarctic Marion Island: Incidence, outcomes and treatment recommendations
Creator Reisinger, Ryan R. Penfold, Miles Bester, Marthán N. Steenkamp, Gerhard
Subject Veterinary Science marine mammal; bite; treatment; infection; zoonoses
Description Seal biologists at Marion Island (Southern Ocean) are in frequent contact with seals. During research activities, biologists may be bitten by seals, yet no standardised protocol for treating such bites is in place. Information on 22 seal bite cases at Marion Island was collected. Treatment of these bites varied, reflecting a need for standardised protocols for the treatment of bites. Recommendations for the in-field treatment of bites are presented. Five of the 22 cases had some symptoms which resembled ‘seal finger’ – a zoonotic infection, usually of the hands, that is contracted after a person comes into contact with tissues of seals or is bitten by one. However, in four of these cases, symptoms subsided within 4 days without antibiotic treatment; in the fifth case antibiotics were administered and symptoms subsided in 4 days. There is little evidence of the occurrence of seal finger at Marion Island, but this deserves further investigation.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor South African Department of Science and Technology National Research Foundation Department of Environmental Affairs
Date 2020-03-24
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jsava.v91i0.1720
Source Journal of the South African Veterinary Association; Vol 91 (2020); 6 pages 2224-9435 1019-9128
Language eng
Coverage — — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Ryan R. Reisinger, Miles Penfold, Marthán N. Bester, Gerhard Steenkamp