A low-carbohydrate survey: Evidence for sustainable metabolic syndrome reversal

Journal of Insulin Resistance

Field Value
Title A low-carbohydrate survey: Evidence for sustainable metabolic syndrome reversal
Creator Cucuzzella, Mark T. Tondt, Justin Dockter, Nancy E. Saslow, Laura Wood, Thomas R.
Subject medicine obesity; metabolic syndrome; type 2 diabetes; low carbohydrate diet
Description Background: Metabolic syndrome has become a significant problem, with the American Diabetes Association estimating the cost of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the United States alone to be $322 billion per year. Numerous clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of low-carbohydrate diets in reversing metabolic syndrome and its associated disorders.Aim: This study was designed to examine how voluntary adherents to a low-carbohydrate diet rate its effectiveness and sustainability using an online survey.Setting and methods: The 57-question survey was administered online and shared internationally via social media and ‘low-carb’ communities. Where appropriate, chi-squared tests and paired t-tests were used to analyse the responses.Results: There were 1580 respondents. The majority of respondents had consumed less than 100 g of carbohydrates per day for over a year, typically for reasons of weight loss or disease management. There was a reported decrease in waist circumference and weight with a simultaneous decrease in hunger and increase in energy level. Of those who provided laboratory values, the majority saw improvements in their HbA1c, blood glucose measurements, and lipid panel results. There was a reduction in usage of various medications, and 25% reported medication cost savings, with average monthly savings of $288 for those respondents. In particular, the usage of pain relievers and anti-inflammatories dropped with a simultaneous decreased rating of pain and increase in mobility.Conclusion: We conclude that low-carbohydrate diets are a sustainable method of metabolic syndrome reversal in a community setting.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2017-12-21
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Survey
Format text/html application/epub+zip application/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jir.v2i1.30
Source Journal of Insulin Resistance; Vol 2, No 1 (2017); 25 pages 2519-7533 2412-2785
Language eng
Relation https://insulinresistance.org/index.php/jir/article/view/30/88 https://insulinresistance.org/index.php/jir/article/view/30/87 https://insulinresistance.org/index.php/jir/article/view/30/89 https://insulinresistance.org/index.php/jir/article/view/30/86
Coverage international 2016-17 adults; male; female
Rights Copyright (c) 2017 Mark T. Cucuzzella, Justin Tondt, Nancy E. Dockter, Laura Saslow, Thomas R. Wood https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0