Urban fire risk control: House design, upgrading and replanning

Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Urban fire risk control: House design, upgrading and replanning
 
Creator Mtani, Isabela Wilfred Mbuya, Elinorata Celestine
 
Subject urban planning fire risks; access roads; unplanned settlements
Description Urbanisation leads to house densification, a phenomenon experienced in both planned and unplanned settlements in cities in developing countries. Such densification limits fire brigade access into settlements, thereby aggravating fire disaster risks. In this article, we assess the fire exposure and risks in residences in informal areas of Mchikichini ward, in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. We rely on interviews of residents and government officials to obtain background on the occurrence and causes of fire accidents, policy provisions and regulations, and experiences with fire outbreaks and coping strategies, as well as on observations and measurements of house transformations, spatial quality and indoor real life. Our findings suggest that fire risks arise from both inappropriate structural characteristics and unsound behavioural practices. This includes unsafe electric practices by residents, poor capacity of residents to fight fires once started, limited access to structures by firefighting equipment because of flouting of planning regulations and inadequate awareness of local government leaders of the magnitude of fire risks. Potential changes to reduce fire risks in the settlement include the installation of firefighting systems, restriction of cooking to designated spaces, use of safer cooking energy sources and lighting means, improvements of vehicle access routes to neighbourhoods, capacity building at the grass root level and the establishment of community-based fire risk management.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor ProVention Consortium
Date 2018-05-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Survey/ Interview
Format text/html application/epub+zip application/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jamba.v10i1.522
 
Source Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies; Vol 10, No 1 (2018); 8 pages 2072-845X 1996-1421
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/522/911 https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/522/910 https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/522/912 https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/522/906
 
Coverage Indian coast independent Mchikichini resident
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Isabela W. Mtani, Elinorata C. Mbuya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0