Managing flood disasters on the built environment in the rural communities of Zimbabwe: Lessons learnt

Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Managing flood disasters on the built environment in the rural communities of Zimbabwe: Lessons learnt
 
Creator Dube, Ernest Mtapuri, Oliver Matunhu, Jephias
 
Subject development studies; disaster risk reduction built environment; disaster; flooding; governments; rural communities
Description This article is about managing flood disasters affecting the built environment in the rural communities of Zimbabwe. Using Tsholotsho district in Matabeleland North province as a case study, the authors argue that flooding has adversely impacted the built environment through destroying infrastructure. The principal objectives of this study were to establish the impact of flood disasters on the built environment, to demarcate factors that perpetuate communities’ vulnerabilities to flooding and to delineate challenges that negate the management of flood disasters in the built environment. This qualitative study was based on a purposive sample of 40 participants. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and observation methods. The findings were that floods can damage human shelter, roads, bridges and dams. Locating homesteads near rivers and dams, using poor-quality construction materials, and lack of flood warning were found to perpetuate vulnerability to flooding. Poverty and costs of rebuilding infrastructure, lack of cooperation between the communities and duty-bearers, and failure to use indigenous knowledge were found to be impeding the management of flood disasters. The study concluded that flood disasters can wipe out community development gains accumulated over many years. Further, community vulnerability to flooding in the built environment is socially constructed. The study posits that addressing the root causes, reducing flood vulnerability and avoiding risk creation are viable options to development in the built environment. Lastly, reconstruction following flood disasters is arduous and gruelling, and not an easy exercise.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor
Date 2018-05-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Interview
Format text/html application/epub+zip application/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jamba.v10i1.542
 
Source Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies; Vol 10, No 1 (2018); 11 pages 2072-845X 1996-1421
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/542/908 https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/542/907 https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/542/909 https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/542/904
 
Coverage — — ethnicity
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Ernest Dube, Oliver Mtapuri, Jephias Matunhu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0