Intraocular pressure in postmenopausal Nigerian women with and without systemic hypertension

African Vision and Eye Health

Field Value
Title Intraocular pressure in postmenopausal Nigerian women with and without systemic hypertension
Creator Ebeigbe, J. A. Ebeigbe, P. N. Ighoroje, A. D. A
Subject — Menopause; intraocular pressure; systemic blood pressure
Description Background: Mean intraocular pressure (IOP) in postmenopausal women has been reported higher than that in menstruating women. Also, intraocular pressure is said to be positively correlated with systemic blood pressure. No previous study in Nigeria has compared intraocular pressure in postmenopausal women with and without systemic hypertension. Purpose: To investigate the effects of menopause on intraocular pressure in subjects with and without high blood pressure. Methods: Normotensive and hypertensive premenopausal and postmenopausal subjects in the   same agerange of 45 to 55 years were studied. Intraocular pressure was measured with the hand-held Kowa applanation tonometer.  Blood pressure was taken in the sitting position at the right upper arm using a manual mercury sphygmomanometer with the right cuff size. The average of two readings was recorded. Results: Mean IOP for premenopausal normotensive women was 14.58 ± 2.56 mmHg whilethat of postmenopausal normotensive women was16.15 ± 1.80 mmHg (p0.05).  Also, the difference in mean IOP between premenopausal hypertensive (16.58 ± 3.23 mmHg) and postmenopausal hypertensive women (18.24 ± 3.89 mmHg)was statistically significant (p0.05). A statistically significant and positive correlation was observed between IOP and systemic blood pressure in postmenopausal hypertensive women, p0.05.Conclusion: Menopause significantly increases intraocular pressure. Mean intraocular pressure of hypertensive postmenopausal women was significantly higher than that of normotensive post-menopausal women, (p0.05). Knowledge of the normal level of intraocular pressure during various stages of the female reproductive cycle may help during glaucoma screening. (S Afr Optom 2011 70(3) 117-122)
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2011-12-11
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/aveh.v70i3.103
Source African Vision and Eye Health; South African Optometrist: Vol 70, No 3 (2011); 117-122 2410-1516 2413-3183
Language eng
Coverage — — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2011 J. A. Ebeigbe, P. N. Ebeigbe, A. D. A Ighoroje