Elephant population growth in Kruger National Park, South Africa, under a landscape management approach

Koedoe - African Protected Area Conservation and Science

Field Value
Title Elephant population growth in Kruger National Park, South Africa, under a landscape management approach
Creator Ferreira, Sam M. Greaver, Cathy Simms, Chenay
Subject Conservation; Ecology African savanna elephants; population estimates; trends; vital rates; helicopter-based surveys
Description South African National Parks (SANParks) manage landscapes rather than numbers of elephants (Loxodonta africana) to mitigate the effects that elephants may have on biodiversity, tourism and stakeholder conservation values associated with protected areas. This management philosophy imposes spatial variability of critical resources on elephants. Restoration of such ecological processes through less intensive management predicts a reduction in population growth rates from the eras of intensive management. We collated aerial survey data since 1995 and conducted an aerial total count using a helicopter observation platform during 2015. A minimum of 17 086 elephants were resident in the Kruger National Park (KNP) in 2015, growing at 4.2% per annum over the last generation of elephants (i.e. 12 years), compared to 6.5% annual population growth noted during the intensive management era ending in 1994. This may come from responses of elephants to density and environmental factors manifested through reduced birth rates and increased mortality rates. Authorities should continue to evaluate the demographic responses of elephants to landscape scale interventions directed at restoring the limitation of spatial variance in resource distribution on elephant spatiotemporal dynamics and the consequences that may have for other conservation values.Conservation implications: Conservation managers should continue with surveying elephants in a way that allows the extraction of key variables. Such variables should focus on measures that reflect on how theory predicts elephants should respond to management interventions.
Publisher AOSIS Publishing
Contributor SANParks Elephants Without Borders
Date 2017-08-25
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Total count
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/koedoe.v59i1.1427
Source Koedoe; Vol 59, No 1 (2017); 6 pages 2071-0771 0075-6458
Language eng
Relation https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1427/2070 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1427/2069 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1427/2071 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1427/2067
Coverage South Africa; Kruger National Park — Aerial total count
Rights Copyright (c) 2017 Sam M. Ferreira, Cathy Greaver, Chenay Simms https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0