Exploring the impacts of protected area tourism on local communities using a resilience approach

Koedoe - African Protected Area Conservation and Science

Field Value
Title Exploring the impacts of protected area tourism on local communities using a resilience approach
Creator Strickland-Munro, Jennifer Moore, Susan
Subject — benefits, drivers, Kruger National Park, park-people relations, Purnululu National Park, resilience, separation, social-ecological systems
Description As the protected area mandate expands to include social equity, the impacts of parks and their tourism on neighbouring indigenous and local communities is receiving growing practical and theoretical interest. This article reported on one such study, which explored the impacts of protected area tourism on communities bordering the iconic Kruger National Park in South Africa and Purnululu National Park in Australia. The study drew on interviews with park staff, tourism operators and community members. Guided by a conceptual framework grounded in resilience thinking, interactions amongst the parks, tourism and local communities were revealed as complex, contested and multi-scalar. Underlying drivers included cultural norms and values based on nature, entrenched poverty, poor Western education and economic opportunities associated with tourism. Park tourism offered intrinsic opportunities and benefits from nature conservation and associated intangible cultural values. More tangible benefits arose through employment. Damage-causing animals and visitation difficulties were negative impacts. Interaction with tourists was limited, with a sense of disconnect evident. Findings indicated the need for multifaceted, carefully considered policy responses if social equity and benefits for local communities are to be achieved. Framing the impacts of protected area tourism through the resilience framework provided a useful way to access local community perceptions whilst retaining awareness of the broader multi-scalar context in which interactions occur. Conservation implications: Perceptions of separation and lack of education to engage in economic opportunities are major issues. Intrinsic appreciation of parks is an important platform for building future opportunities. Accrual of future benefits for local communities from park tourism depends on developing diverse economic opportunities, building community capacity and managing expectations and addressing economic disadvantage.
Publisher AOSIS Publishing
Date 2014-06-24
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/octet-stream text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/koedoe.v56i2.1161
Source Koedoe; Vol 56, No 2 (2014); 10 pages 2071-0771 0075-6458
Language eng
Relation https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1161/1601 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1161/1602 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1161/1603 https://koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/1161/1599
Coverage — — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2014 Jennifer Strickland-Munro, Susan Moore https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0